Whiddy Island (Irish: Oileán Faoide) is an island near the head of Bantry Bay on the Wild Atlantic Way in West Cork. It is approximately 5.6 km (3.5 mi) long and 2.4 km (1.5 mi) wide. The topography comprises gently-rolling glacial till, with relatively fertile soil. As late as 1880, it had a resident population of around 450, mainly engaged in fishing and small-scale farming. Historically, the island shared the strategic significance of Bantry Bay's deepwater anchorage. It possesses a fortified battery built by the British authorities in Napoleonic times, following the arrival of the French Armada in 1796. The island was briefly used as a United States air base during World War I and now has a large oil terminal.
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